An Examination Of Lubbock, TX

The labor pool participation rate in Lubbock is 65.1%, with an unemployment rate of 3.7%. For those of you when you look at the work force, the typical commute time is 16.6 minutes. 11.9% of Lubbock’s community have a grad diploma, and 19.6% have earned a bachelors degree. For all without a college degree, 30.2% attended some college, 24.8% have a high school diploma, and only 13.5% possess an education significantly less than high school. 13% are not included in medical health insurance.

Lubbock, Texas is located in Lubbock county, and has a community of 267648, and exists within the more Lubbock-Plainview-Levelland, TX metro area. The median age is 29.6, with 12.9% for the populace under 10 years old, 15.4% between ten-19 years old, 22.3% of residents in their 20’s, 13.1% in their thirties, 9.8% in their 40’s, 10% in their 50’s, 8.5% in their 60’s, 5% in their 70’s, and 3% age 80 or older. 49.3% of residents are male, 50.7% female. 40.7% of citizens are reported as married married, with 13.1% divorced and 41.2% never wedded. The percentage of citizens identified as widowed is 5%.

The Anthropologist Book And Simulation Download For The People Excited By Anasazi Country

Lets visit Chaco National Historical Park in Northwest New Mexico from Lubbock, TX. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an creek that is intermittently running that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the building of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a result, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an period that is extended of to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that hauling each tree would have taken a multi-day travel by a team of men and women, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized throughout the three centuries of building and renovation of the canyon's about dozen significant great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape While Chaco Canyon had a higher density of construction on a scale never seen previously in your community, it ended up being simply a tiny component in the heart of a wide linked area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and kivas that is great used the same characteristic brick style and design as those found within the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an certain area of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for assistance. These roads usually began at big buildings inside and beyond the canyon, expanding outward in wonderfully parts that are straight.   Chacoans went towards the north, south and west surrounding villages with less marginal settings, referring to the impact of Chacoan in this period. Extensive droughts that persisted until the century that is 13th hindered the re-establishment of an integrated system akin to that of Chaco and led to your scattering regarding the residents of Chaco throughout the southwest. Its descendants, contemporary people residing in the U.S. states of Arizona and brand new Mexico, see Chaco as a part of their homeland that is ancestral link confirmed by oral historical traditions handed down from one generation to the next. There was considerable vandalism in the second half of the 19th century CE, with people breaking down parts of large house walls, getting access to rooms and stuff that is destroying. During the archaeological digs and surveys beyond 1896 CE, the damage became obvious, resulting in the founding in 1907 CE of the Chaco Canyon National Monument, the uncontrolled looting stopping and systematic archaeological investigations being done. In 1980 CE, the monument was enlarged and renamed the National Historic Park of Chaco Culture and in 1987 CE it was registered with UNESCO World Heritage List. Puebloan descendents preserve their particular connection to a place that recalls the spirits of their particular ancestors in a living remembrance of their common heritage.   Ancient Chacoans were roadbuilders, too. Archeologists uncovered roadways that are straight across the desert, reaching hundreds of miles from Chaco Canyon to Colorado and Utah. Roads extend from big buildings like spokes in a wheel, others align with natural terrain formations; some packed earth roads are 30 ft wide. These routes are holy trails, traveled by pilgrims for rituals at Chaco Canyon and other great dwellings. Archeologists have been researching Chaco since the late century that is 19th but despite lasting stone remains, how Chacoans lived, what their society was like, why they stopped constructing and went away in the 12th century is still a conundrum. These are some of the archaeologists uncovered in Chaco – pottery, adorned with geometric motifs, for bowls, canteens, cooking pots, ladles, pitchers, mugs, water jars (olla), black stone finger rings, shell necklaces, turquoise pendants, wooden headdresses, whistles and flutes, stone knives and axes, ceremonial staffs, sandals, textile pieces, feathered cloaks, grindin metals. Corn was a mainstay for the Chacoans, along with squash and beans, cotton for textiles, grown by villages kilometers that are several. With bows and arrows, they hunted animal meat animals, making exquisite ceramics for offerings and use that is domestic. Underground kivas were adorned with murals, and dance and music for celebrations may have been around. Chaco traded for turquoise and shells from hundreds of miles distant, imported macaws, and drank Central American cocoa.  

The average family unit size in Lubbock, TX is 3.16 household members, with 51.2% being the owner of their very own houses. The average home valuation is $137823. For those paying rent, they spend on average $955 per month. 54.9% of households have 2 sources of income, and a median household income of $50453. Average individual income is $25634. 20.1% of residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 13.2% are considered disabled. 5.9% of residents are former members associated with US military.