Let Us Explore Newstead, NY

Newstead, New York-Pueblo Bonito

Lets visit Chaco National Park in Northwest New Mexico from Newstead. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an stream that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and levels that are higher-story once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the right time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and came back towards the canyon to transport them. It was a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to move and much more than 200 000 trees were made use of in building the three-century old great houses and great kivas. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast land that is linked offered rise to Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built using the brick that is same and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau that has been bigger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to connect these communities to each various other by leveling and digging the bottom, and sometimes adding brick curbs or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the large canyon buildings and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Even where high features characteristic to the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) crossed their route, Chacoans preserved the road's linearity by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Considering the significant difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were constructed larger than necessary for pedestrian transit (many were 9 meters wide), it's conceivable the roads had a largely symbolic or spiritual role, directing pilgrims to rituals or any other gatherings. Several great homes were placed within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops to allow for the signaling of other houses and distant areas using fire or the reflection of sunshine, allowing for more communication that is fast. In Chaco Canyon, Fajada Butte has a colossal presence. The widespread practice of aligning structures and roadways with the cardinal directions while the positions of the sun and moon at vital periods such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure that is extra connectedness to the Chacoan universe. For example, the house that is great Bonito's front wall and the wall separating the plaza are oriented east-west and north-south, respectively, however the location is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter great kiva inside the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors set along a north-south axis and two external doors focused east-west, by which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown as a result of restoration work carried out in the region).  

Newstead, New York is found in Erie county, and includes a residents of 8675, and exists within the greater Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Olean, NY metropolitan area. The median age is 45.4, with 9.7% of the residents under 10 years of age, 12.7% are between ten-nineteen years of age, 11.1% of residents in their 20’s, 10% in their 30's, 14.1% in their 40’s, 15.8% in their 50’s, 12.8% in their 60’s, 7.6% in their 70’s, and 6.3% age 80 or older. 51.4% of town residents are men, 48.6% female. 51.9% of citizens are recorded as married married, with 14.1% divorced and 27.2% never wedded. The percentage of women and men confirmed as widowed is 6.7%.

The average family unit size in Newstead, NY is 2.93 residential members, with 75.7% owning their own houses. The mean home valuation is $162713. For people renting, they pay out on average $699 monthly. 57.4% of families have dual incomes, and a median household income of $64741. Median income is $34605. 3.5% of residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 16.3% are considered disabled. 8.9% of citizens are veterans for the armed forces.