Alachua, Florida: A Pleasant Community

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Taking a trip from Alachua, Florida to NW New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park. Based on the use of similar buildings by contemporary Puebloan peoples, these rooms were most community that is likely for rites and gatherings, with a fire pit in the middle and entrance to the chamber supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Although not integrated into a home that is large, oversized kivas, or "great kivas," could accommodate hundreds of people and typically served as a center area for surrounding communities constructed of (relatively) tiny dwellings. Chacoans built gigantic walls using a variation of the "core-and-veneer" method to sustain multi-story house that is great, which housed chambers with far larger floor areas and ceiling heights than pre-existing homes. The core was made by an inner core of roughly-hewn sandstone held together with mud mortar, to which thinner facing stones were connected to form a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering while they ascended to conserve weight - an sign that the levels that are upper planned while the first was being built. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to the dramatic grandeur of these structures, Chacoans plastered interior that is many exterior walls after building was completed to preserve the dirt mortar from water damage. Starting with the building of Chetro Ketl in Chaco Canyon, constructions of this scale needed a massive quantity of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and wood. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined, sculpted, and faced sandstone from canyon walls, favoring hard and dark-colored stone that is tabular the top of high cliffs throughout early building, then moving as designs changed during subsequent building to softer and bigger tan-colored stone found lower regarding the cliffs. Water, which ended up being needed together with sand, silt, and clay to make mud mortar and plaster, was scarce and only accessible in the form of short and frequently heavy summer thunderstorms.  

The average family unit size in Alachua, FL is 3.4 household members, with 72.9% owning their very own homes. The average home cost is $184980. For those leasing, they pay on average $1064 monthly. 47.2% of families have dual sources of income, and an average domestic income of $63318. Median income is $31664. 15.2% of town residents live at or below the poverty line, and 8.8% are handicapped. 8% of residents are veterans for the US military.