Let's Research Ko Olina

A Southwest History Strategy Game Download About Chaco Culture National Park (Northwest New Mexico)

Lets visit Chaco National Monument in NW New Mexico, USA from Ko Olina, Hawaii. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches, the rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the top floors were formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying all of them for a time that is long before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a task that is tiny the transportation of each tree would need a team of people on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites within the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory. Although it was a piece that is small of. More than 200 villages of big houses and kivas that is large the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying incorporating earthen or brick curves in certain instances, to make them connected to the canyon and one another. These roadways were often founded in big residences in and over the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   Chacoans moved to areas in the western, north and south that were less limited, to reflect Chacoan influence. Chacoan communities were scattered throughout Southwest by droughts that carried on well into the 13th Century CE. Present day Puebloan inhabitants mainly residing in Arizona, New Mexico consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. That is evident by the history that is oral down from generations. In the second half the 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down house that is large and gained access to their chambers. The impact of this destruction was evident in archeological excavations and surveys that began in 1896 CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument, in 1907 CE. It put an end unregulated looting and enabled systematic archaeological investigations. The monument was extended in 1980 CE and renamed Chaco society National Historical Park. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Pueblo descendants can nevertheless connect to the destination as a symbol that is living of shared history by returning to honor their ancestors.

Ko Olina, Hawaii is located in Honolulu county, and has a population of 1742, and is part of the more metropolitan area. The median age is 38.5, with 12% of the community under 10 many years of age, 4.9% between 10-nineteen years old, 11.1% of town residents in their 20’s, 23.1% in their 30's, 11% in their 40’s, 11.5% in their 50’s, 16.6% in their 60’s, 8.8% in their 70’s, and 1.2% age 80 or older. 51.5% of inhabitants are male, 48.5% women. 64.4% of citizens are reported as married married, with 12.1% divorced and 22.9% never wedded. The percentage of people recognized as widowed is 0.6%.

The labor pool participation rate in Ko Olina is 62.5%, with an unemployment rate of 3.8%. For people within the work force, the average commute time is 33.1 minutes. 24.7% of Ko Olina’s populace have a masters diploma, and 32.3% have earned a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 27.6% attended some college, 14% have a high school diploma, and only 1.5% possess an education significantly less than senior high school. 2.9% are not covered by medical insurance.

The average household size in Ko Olina, HI is 2.67 household members, with 51.8% being the owner of their own domiciles. The mean home cost is $661953. For people paying rent, they spend on average $2811 monthly. 48.2% of households have dual incomes, and a typical domestic income of $116985. Median individual income is $54097. 2.5% of citizens are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 10.2% are disabled. 18% of inhabitants are veterans of the military.