A Visit To Leonia, NJ

Leonia, New Jersey is located in Bergen county, and includes a population of 9035, and rests within the higher New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA metropolitan region. The median age is 44.6, with 9.6% of the residents under ten years old, 13.3% are between 10-19 many years of age, 10.6% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 9.5% in their thirties, 14.5% in their 40’s, 16.8% in their 50’s, 11.9% in their 60’s, 7.5% in their 70’s, and 6.2% age 80 or older. 49.9% of inhabitants are men, 50.1% women. 60.6% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 7.5% divorced and 25% never married. The % of citizens recognized as widowed is 7%.

Leonia, NJ-The Zuni

Lets visit Chaco Canyon in North West New Mexico from Leonia. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater amassed in the Chaco Wash was kept in the Chaco arroyo, an river that is intermittently flowing along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and top floors, but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach forests that are coniferous and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a task that is difficult each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also necessary to construct and repair a total of ten houses that are large kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a tiny section of the canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and brick that is adding earthen curves to link all of them every single other. The roads ran incredibly far outwards from large homes found in the canyon. Even when steep landforms prevalent in the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) intersected their path, Chacoans maintained the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Given the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were built wider than required for foot transportation (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads served a largely symbolic or spiritual role, leading pilgrims traveling to rites or other gatherings. Some great houses were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant regions via fire or sunlight reflection to facilitate faster communication. Fajada Butte commands a commanding position in Chaco Canyon. The practice that is widespread of structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon during critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The front wall and the wall surface dividing the plaza of the great home Pueblo Bonito, for instance, are aligned east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the site is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a grand that is 19-meter-diameter within the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two external doors aligned east-west, through which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this second alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given restoration work done in the canyon).  

The work force participation rate in Leonia is 62.6%, with an unemployment rate of 2%. For all those within the labor force, the typical commute time is 33.6 minutes. 20.1% of Leonia’s residents have a grad degree, and 34.6% have earned a bachelors degree. For many without a college degree, 21.9% attended at least some college, 17.2% have a high school diploma, and only 6.3% have received an education lower than twelfth grade. 8% are not included in health insurance.

The typical family unit size in Leonia, NJ is 3.16 family members members, with 63.4% being the owner of their own dwellings. The average home appraisal is $508668. For those paying rent, they spend on average $1444 monthly. 61.1% of homes have 2 incomes, and a median domestic income of $102250. Median individual income is $48050. 5.4% of inhabitants survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 8.6% are handicapped. 4.1% of inhabitants are former members associated with the military.