The Basic Numbers: West Livingston, Texas

West Livingston, TX-Kin Kletso

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument from West Livingston, TX. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater collected in the Chaco Wash was kept in the Chaco arroyo, an river that is intermittently flowing along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and floors that are top but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 km to reach forests that are coniferous and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a task that is difficult each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also had a need to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a tiny section of the canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the style that is same the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to connect all of them to every other. The roads ran incredibly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the cliff walls to preserve the route's linearity, even when terrains that are steep are characteristic of the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other features. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not clearly marked for pedestrian transit, some were nearly 9 meters wide, it is possible the roads played a symbolic or spiritual function, leading pilgrims to special events or traditions. Many great houses were placed within sight of each other and nearby shrines. This allowed for faster communication by allowing distant homes and areas to be signalled light that is using fire. Fajada butte is a presence that is prominent Chaco Canyon. A practice that is common to align structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical times such solstices and equinoxes. This added structure and connectivity to the Chacoan universe. The location of the Great House Pueblo Bonito is west of Chetro Ktl. However, its front wall and wall that separates the Plaza are respectively oriented north-south and east-west. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is great measures 19 meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors, one set on a line that is north-south and two doors externally that are oriented east/west. The sun that is rising only pass through these doors when the equinox occurs (restoration work carried call at this area does not confirm if the latter was there during Chacoan times).

The typical household size in West Livingston, TX is 3.09 family members, with 76.5% being the owner of their particular dwellings. The mean home value is $109155. For those renting, they pay out an average of $835 monthly. 42% of families have dual incomes, and a typical domestic income of $50534. Average income is $22561. 21.5% of town residents exist at or below the poverty line, and 17.9% are disabled. 6.9% of inhabitants are ex-members of this armed forces of the United States.